Because of its unique geographical location connecting eastern Xinjiang and western Inner Mongolia, Mazong Mountain has always been an important area of ancient east-west transportation and nomadic archaeology. In order to reveal the communication between the Original Huns and the people in Northwest China, this paper takes four tombs in Tonggutu relic area and Shande relic area in Mazong Mountain as the research object. Mazong Mountain is located in Subei County, Jiuquan City, Gansu Province, with 40°43'~43°00'N and 91°00'~102°00'E. In this paper, the methods of physical anthropology, biomechanics, stable isotope diet analysis, molecular biology and carbon dating were used to study the human bones unearthed from four tombs in four trial excavation sites. The results show that, The crowd with Northeast Asia mongoloid facial features, often engaged in running, riding high strength behavior, mainly meat food structure, has a certain relationship with the northern grasslands national population genetic structure. The carbon-14 dating result was 1955~1691 cal.BC. These evidences suggest that the Mazong Mountain area may be related to the migration of people from the Mongolian Plateau and outer Baikal into the northern part of China for human communication and integration. Although the number of individuals studied in this paper is small, due to the important geographical location and comprehensive research perspective, it reflects the characteristics of interdisciplinary bioarchaeology, which is of great significance to the discussion of early population and cultural exchanges in Northwest China.
3955-3691 cal BP
Two Y sequences of Middle Bronze Age nomads from Mazongshan site, notherwestern China.