NBT2-1 Baitaishan
AU75441
Ancient
hg19 / GRCh37
O-TYT139420
M7b1a1
E11
傣族 South Chinese Dai: 50.75%
华东 East Chinese: 26.69%
彝族 Southwest Chinese Yi: 7.91%
马来 Malay: 7.76%
鄂伦春 North Chinese Oroqen: 2.53%
雅库特 Yakut: 1.66%
美洲 American: 1.13%
印度 India: 0.74%
欧洲 European: 0.31%
非洲 African: 0.26%
日本 Japanese: 0.26%

K47
华南 South-Chinese: 45.89%
东亚 East-Asian: 21.20%
马来 Malay: 15.88%
原始南岛 Proto-Austronesian: 8.20%
中南半岛 Indo-Chinese: 7.25%
尼罗人 Nilotic: 0.43%
藏缅 Tibeto-Burman: 0.43%
西非 West-African: 0.42%
亚马逊 Amazonian: 0.22%
北非 North-African: 0.07%

MichalK25
东亚 East Asian: 61.98%
台湾原住民 Taiwanese Aboriginal: 28.85%
东北亚 Northeast Asian: 2.44%
纳索伊人 Nasoic: 1.26%
爱斯基摩人 Eskimoic: 1.04%
北印度 North Indian: 0.99%
亚马逊 Amazonian: 0.76%
西非 West African: 0.63%
阿拉伯 Arabic: 0.61%
巴布亚 Papuan: 0.46%
柏柏尔人 Berberic: 0.42%
阿尔泰 Altaic: 0.40%
地中海 Mediterranean: 0.10%
高加索 Caucasian: 0.04%

K12b
东南亚 Southeast Asian: 61.42%
东亚 East Asian: 35.51%
西北非 Northwest African: 0.81%
撒哈拉以南非洲 Sub Saharan: 0.72%
西伯利亚 Siberian: 0.71%
南亚 South Asian: 0.55%
大西洋地中海 Atlantic Med: 0.28%

puntDNAL
东欧亚 East Eurasian: 94.01%
南欧亚 South Eurasian: 2.52%
新石器时代伊朗 Iran Neolithic: 1.23%
大洋洲 Oceanian: 0.83%
美洲印第安人 Amerinidian: 0.70%
非洲狩猎采集者 African HG: 0.44%
撒哈拉以南非洲 Sub-Saharan: 0.15%
新石器时代安纳托利亚 Anatolian Neolithic: 0.06%
西伯利亚 Siberian: 0.06%

AncientNearEast13
东南亚 Southeast Asian: 76.16%
西伯利亚 Siberian: 15.15%
原始印度人 Ancestral-Indian: 3.50%
巴布亚 Papuan: 1.49%
新石器时代伊朗 Iran-Neolithic: 0.96%
卡利吉亚纳 Karitiana: 0.83%
纳吐夫 Natufian: 0.76%
撒哈拉以南非洲 Sub-Saharan: 0.67%
斯堪的纳维亚-西欧狩猎采集者 SHG-WHG: 0.48%

EastSeaK12
傣族 Dai: 39.61%
汉族 Han: 37.15%
藏族 Tibetan: 10.60%
柬埔寨 Cambodian: 5.36%
蒙古·通古斯 Mongolian-Tungusic: 2.74%
韩国 Korean: 1.93%
美洲印第安人 Amerindian: 1.90%
非洲 African: 0.71%

ProjectLiK11
东亚古台湾(汉本) Ancient Taiwan / Hanben: 54.51%
东亚古黄河 East Asian / Ancient Yellow River: 25.46%
古代蒙古 Ancient Mongolia: 5.53%
尼泊尔古藏缅 Ancient Nepal: 4.96%
古南岛瓦努阿图 Ancient Vanuatu: 2.95%
南印度伊鲁拉 South India / Irula: 2.56%
绳文 Jomon: 1.69%
安达曼 Andaman: 1.27%
非洲约鲁巴 African / Yoruba: 0.47%
美洲 American: 0.35%
西欧亚古波斯 West Eurasian / Ancient Persia: 0.25%

ProLi14
古华中(平粮台遗址) Old Central Chinese(Ping Liang Tai): 34.51%
古东南(汉本遗址) Old SE Chinese(Hanben): 28.55%
古东北(黑龙江流域) Ancient NE Chinese(Devil's Gate): 12.56%
古高原(尼泊尔) Old Nepal(Samdzong): 8.85%
南印度(伊鲁拉) South India(Irula): 4.61%
古蒙古北部 Old Mongolia North: 4.23%
绳文 Jomon: 2.55%
非洲 African: 1.74%
安达曼 Onge: 1.64%
古东欧(卡累利亚共和国) Old East Euro(Karelia): 0.59%
古中亚(切尔木切克人) Chemurchek: 0.17%
Male
Coverage: 31.61% Average Depth: 1

Scientific institution

中国
广西 Baitaishan Site
Cave burial has been prevalent in southern China for thousands of years. The population history and the genetic contribution of cave burial groups to the formation of present-day southern minorities are largely unknown due to the lack of ancient genomic data. Here, we present the genomic data from 4 ancient individuals from cave burial sites from the Late Yuan to Ming dynasties in Guangxi. We observed a close genetic affinity between the four individuals and published contemporaneous cave burial samples. However, our samples received gene flows from northern East Asians compared to the cave burial groups around 1600-1400 years ago. We identified a strong genetic link between these ancient cave burial groups and present-day Hmong-Mien-speaking populations, particularly the geographically adjacent Baiku Yao population, indicating population stability in the mountainous region of southern China over the past few centuries. 数千年来,洞穴墓葬在中国南方盛行。由于缺乏古代基因组数据,洞穴墓葬群体的人口历史和遗传贡献对当今南方少数民族的形成影响很大程度上尚不清楚。本文,我们展示了广西元末明代洞穴墓葬遗址的 4 个古代个体的基因组数据。我们观察到这四个个体与已发表的同期洞穴墓葬样本之间存在密切的遗传亲缘关系。然而,与 1600-1400 年前的洞穴墓葬群体相比,我们的样本接受了来自东北亚人的基因流。我们发现这些古老的洞穴墓葬群体与当今的苗瑶语种人群之间存在很强的遗传联系,尤其是地理上相邻的白裤瑶人群,这表明过去几个世纪以来中国南方山区的人口一直保持稳定。
Genetic affinity of cave burial and Hmong-Mien populations in Guangxi inferred from ancient genomes


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